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About the Dances

Bolero A slow Latin dance which originated as one of two forms of Rumba (Bolero Rumba and Son Rumba), and still shares many of the same figures. Bolero differs from Rumba in its tempo and style of music and movement.
Cha Cha An exciting, syncopated Latin dance which originated in the 1950's as a slowed-down Mambo. The Cha Cha gets its name and character from its distinct repetitive foot rhythm, 1-2-3 step-step which is similar to Swing.
East Coast Swing Also called American or Triple Step Swing due to the rhythm of the basic triple step, this dance consists of six and eight count patterns. It is a circular dance that is danced with a bounce and is very grounded and not high in the legs. This bounce requires the dancer to stay very smooth and not jump around much. East Coast Swing, derived from Lindy Hop and Jitterbug, is the base for all swing dances.
Foxtrot A smooth dance introduced to the public in 1913 by Harry Fox, noted for being the first dance to incorporate into the rhythm a combination of Slows and Quicks. Foxtrot is characterized by smooth, walking style movements, but can be adapted to fit a variety of musical tempi and style, or to fit onto small, crowded nightclub dance floors.
Hustle Often associated with retro disco music, the hustle is the perfect dance for dance-beat, nightclub music including everything from pop to rap and hip hop.
Mambo A fast Latin dance, similar to Salsa, which comes from Cuba. Mambo was brought to America in the 1940's and 50's and eventually adapted as an American style ballroom dance. Most of the movements emphasize the second beat in the measure, suggestive of the Clave rhythm which is fundamental to Mambo music.
Merengue An energetic Latin-style march which originated in the Dominican Republic, which emphasizes a straight-ahead 8-count rhythm taken with Cuban Motion. Merengue is now also a subset of the modern club-style Salsa dances.
Nightclub Two-Step An easy-going social dance, similar in movement to the Bossa Nova, first introduced in the 80's by Buddy Schwimmer and popular amongst the West Coast Swing crowd. Nightclub 2-Step is normally danced to medium-tempo pop songs and ballads, using combinations of Slow-Quick-Quick and Quick-Quick-Slow rhythms.
Quickstep The dance began as a quick version of Foxtrot mixed with the Charleston, and musical "Jazz" influences. It is characterized by fast movement, often including a variety of hops, kicks, skips, lock steps and chass├ęs.
Rumba A Latin dance characterized by Cuban motion done to romantic Latin songs and music, the Rumba is a slow, sensuous, romantic dance which spotlights the lady and features much flirtation.
Salsa A hot Latin dance similar to Mambo, which, when danced correctly, displays a lot of shaking, shimmying, and hip action.
Samba This is the official dance of Brazil. Characterized by "bounce" action, it is danced to fast music in 2/4 time.
Tango The Tango originated in Argentina. A progressive dance that moves along the line of dance, it is characterized by staccato movements of the feet and flexed knees, and stylized poses that highlight its dramatic style.
Viennese Waltz A fast ballroom dance in 3/4 or 6/8 meter, often associated with the music of Johann Strauss.
Waltz The oldest and best known of all the Ballroom dances, Waltz is a progressive dance using rise and fall and danced to 3/4 time music. Slow Waltz evolved from the fast paced Viennese Waltz.
West Coast Swing A slotted swing dance in 4/4 time, characterized by its smooth and linear style.

Adapted from Dances Defined, USA Dance (link)


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